|Exception-Handling in Batch Updates
A JDBC driver may or may not continue processing the remaining elements in a batch once execution of an element in a batch fails. However, a JDBC driver must always provide the same behavior when used with a particular DBMS. For example, a driver cannot continue processing after a failure for one batch, and not continue processing for another batch.
|If a driver stops processing after the first failure, the array returned by BatchUpdateException.getUpdateCounts() will always contain fewer entries than there were elements in the batch. Since elements are executed in the order that they are added to the batch, if the array contains N elements, this means that the first N elements in the batch were processed successfully when executeBatch() was called.
|When a driver continues processing in the presence of failures, the number of elements, N, in the array returned by BatchUpdateException.getUpdateCounts()is always equal to the number of elements in the batch. The following additional array value is returned when a BatchUpdateException is thrown and the driver continues processing after a failure:
|A value indicates that the command or element failed to execute successfully. This value is also returned for elements that could not be processed for some reason-such elements fail implicitly.
|JDBC drivers that do not continue processing after a failure never return -3 in an update count array. Drivers of this type simply return a status array containing an entry for each command that was processed successfully.
|A JDBC technology based application can distinguish a JDBC driver that continues processing after a failure from one that does not by examining the size of the array returned by BatchUpdateException.getUpdateCounts(). A JDBC driver that continues processing always returns an array containing one entry for each element in the batch. A JDBC driver that does not continue processing after a failure will always return an array whose number of entries is less than the number of elements in the batch.