Breaking News
yeni film izle hd film seyret film izle

Formatting Date Strings timestamps In PHP

Most of the time computers like to work in timestamps , but in many situations you need to convert a timestamps to a string representation of a date.
Common scenarios include displaying a date in a Web page, or passing a date to another application that expects to receive a date string in a specified format.

Here are the lists of the date – related formatting characters allowed in date()’s format string:

Character Description
J This Character describes the day of the month without leading zeros.
D This Character describes the 2 – digit day of the month, with a leading zero if appropriate.
D This Character describes the day of the week as a three – letter string (such as “ Mon ” ).
l (lowercase ‘ L ’ ) This Character describes the day of the week as a full word (such as “ Monday ” ).
W This Character describes the day of the week as a number (0=Sunday, 6=Saturday).
N This Character describes the day of the week as an ISO – 8601 number (1=Monday, 7=Sunday).
S This Character describes an English ordinal suffix to append to the day of the month ( “ st, ” “ nd, ” “ rd, ” or “ th ” ). Often used with the j formatting character.
Z This Character describes the day of the year (zero represents January 1).
W This Character describes the 2 – digit ISO – 8601 week number in the year, with a leading zero if appropriate. Weeks start on Monday. The first week is week number 01.
M This Character describes the month as a three – letter string (such as “ Jan ” ).
F This Character describes the month as a full word (such as “ January ” ).
N This Character describes the month as a number (1 – 12).
M This Character describes the month as a two – digit number, with a leading zero if appropriate (01 – 12).
T This Character describes the number of days in the month (28, 29, 30, or 31).
Y This Character describes the year as a two – digit number.
Y This Character describes the year as a four – digit number.
o (lowercase “ o ” ) This Character describes the ISO – 8601 year number. This is usually the same value as Y; however if the ISO – 8601 week number belongs to the previous or the next year, that year is used instead.
L This Character describes the “1” if the date is in a leap year, “0” otherwise.

date() also allows the following time – formatting characters:

Character Description
G This Character describes the hour in 12 – hour format, without leading zeros (1 – 12).
H This Character describes the hour in 12 – hour format, with leading zeros (01 – 12).
G This Character describes the hour in 24 – hour format, without leading zeros (0 – 23).
H This Character describes the hour in 24 – hour format, with leading zeros (00 – 23).
I This Character describes the Minutes, with leading zeros (00 – 59).
S This Character describes the Seconds, with leading zeros (00 – 59).
U This Character describes the Microseconds (will always be zero because, at the time of writing, date() can only accept an integer timestamp).
B This Character describes the Swatch Internet Time — a time – zone – free, decimal time measure.
A This Character describes the “ am ” or “ pm ”, depending on the value of the hour.
A This Character describes the “ AM ” or “ PM ”, depending on the value of the hour.
E This Character describes the full time zone identifier of the currently set time zone (such as “ UTC ” or “ America/Indiana/Indianapolis ” ).
T This Character describes the time zone abbreviation for the currently set time zone (such as “ UTC ” or “ EST ” ). Abbreviations are best avoided because the same abbreviation is often used for multiple time zones throughout the world.
O (capital “ O ” ) This Character describes the time zone offset from GMT, in the format hhmm . For example, the“ America/Indiana/Indianapolis ” time zone is 5 hours behind GMT, so its offset is – 0500
P This Character describes the Same as O , but with a colon between the hours and minutes (for example, – 05:00 ).
Z This Character describes the time zone offset from GMT, in seconds. For example, the offset in seconds for the “ America/Indiana/Indianapolis ” time zone is – 18000 , because – 5 hours x 60 minutes x 60 seconds = – 18,000 seconds.
I (capital “ I ” ) This Character describes the “1” if the currently set time zone is in daylight saving time;” 0 “otherwise.

date() gives you three more formatting characters that return the date and time in one go:

Character Description
C This Character describes the date and time as an ISO 8601 date. For example, 2014 – 03 – 28 T 19:42:00+11:00 represents March 28, 2014 at 7:42 in the evening, in a time zone that is 11 hours ahead of GMT.
R This Character describes the date and time as an RFC 2822 date. For example, Tue, 28 Mar 2014 19:42:00 +1100 represents March 28, 2014 at 7:42 in the evening, in a time zone that is 11 hours ahead of GMT. RFC 2822 dates are commonly used in Internet protocols such as Web and email.
U This Character describes the timestamp that was passed to date() , or the timestamp representing the current time if no timestamp was passed.

 

Check Also

Working with File Permissions in PHP

File system permissions determine what different users can do with each file and directory in …